As you may already be aware, your tooth consists of many layers. The layer on the outside is made of minerals and known as the enamel. The layer in the middle is a calcified tissue, only less dense, known as the dentin. The layer that hosts the blood vessels and nerves is the pulp, which is the center of the tooth. The extraction and replacement of this center with a sterile filling is what is known as a root canal.
In order to find out whether or not a root canal is required, x-rays need to be taken and an examination needs to be made. Signs and symptoms can include but aren’t restricted to swelling, a change in the color of the tooth, pain and sensitivity to changes in temperature or pressure.
In order to help prevent you from having pain and make you feel comfortable, a local anesthesia is given to you via injection. The infected tooth is isolated by using a rubber dam. Other equipment is then used to target in on the exact location of the nerve and maintain a sterile work area. The area that is infected all gets removed. This includes the blood vessels as well as the nerves. Medications are then used to sterilize and relieve any discomfort.
The tooth is dead once the nerves and blood vessels are removed. This can cause the tooth to become frail and brittle. A substantial portion of the tooth will need to be removed if it is found to be severely decayed. In these cases, getting a crown placed on the tooth will be highly recommended to prevent the enamel from breaking or completely falling apart. Due to the high possibility of more decay or infection, you will risk losing the tooth if you do not get a crown. The damaged tooth could also just completely break off and at that point you would have to have it extracted. Getting a crown placed on top of the tooth will protect it from breaking down.
Infection is the reason for most of the root canals that are needed. A root canal will save the life of a tooth that will otherwise be at risk of further infection and ultimately extraction. Don’t ever be afraid to ask as many questions as possible especially if you feel unsure about what is happening. Understanding the procedure for a root canal and look for the tijuana dentist review will help put your mind at ease.